8 free Android automation tools and services

1 December 2023 Leave a comment Tools & Frameworks

In the dynamic world of Android development, Repeato, Detox, and other robust free Android automation tools are essential for developers and QA teams seeking to streamline their testing processes without incurring costs. These tools, including Screenshot-tests for Android and Waldo, offer a variety of features that cater to different testing requirements, from UI consistency to cross-platform compatibility.

For those who rely on cloud-based platforms, Bitbar and Sauce Labs provide scalable testing environments with a multitude of real devices and browsers.

With the increasing complexity of applications, frameworks like Espresso and Playwright for Android enable efficient UI test creation, while Applitools leverages AI for visual testing accuracy. The open-source community benefits from tools like Appium and TimeMachine, which support a wide range of applications and testing scenarios. Marathon and TestComplete (now discontinued) once offered solutions to balance test stability and performance.

For visual quality assurance, Paparazzi, Shot, and Android Testify are indispensable, ensuring UI consistency across various device configurations. Lastly, ACCELQ stands out as an AI-driven platform that simplifies the test automation process across different applications. This comprehensive list of free tools demonstrates that effective Android automation testing doesn’t have to come with a hefty price tag.

Latest update: 1/12/2024, 1:25:33 PM
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A Comparison of 17 free Android automation tools for streamlined testing

Product NameShort Description and FeaturesPlatformsGithub StatsSupport IncludedPrice
RepeatoNo-code, AI-powered mobile test automation with cross-platform support, fast execution, and CI/CD integration. Free plan available.Android, iOSNot providedFree to €120/user/month
DetoxGray box E2E testing for React Native. Focus on reducing flakiness with auto synchronization and real device testing.Android, iOS⭐️ 10,742, 🍴 1,948, 📝 4,681,
Last commit: 2024-01-08
Screenshot-tests for AndroidAutomates screenshot captures during tests. Offers deterministic screenshots and CI integration.Android⭐️ 1,725, 🍴 242, 📝 551,
Last commit: 2023-11-14
WaldoNo-code mobile test automation with intuitive UI and advanced testing features like deep linking and branch testing.Android, iOSNot providedFree to Custom Pricing
BitbarCloud-based platform for web and mobile app testing with real browsers/devices and parallel test execution.Web, Android, iOSNot provided$39 to Custom Pricing
EspressoConcise Android UI testing framework with rapid execution and support for various testing packages.AndroidNot providedFree
Playwright for AndroidNode.js library for web automation, with experimental Android support for Chrome and WebView.AndroidNot providedFree
ApplitoolsAI-powered test automation with Visual AI, supporting a range of testing capabilities and tool integrations.Web, Android, iOSNot providedFree to Custom Pricing
AppiumCross-platform testing using WebDriver protocol, compatible with multiple languages and extensible architecture.Web, Android, iOS⭐️ 17,385, 🍴 5,946, 📝 10,536,
Last commit: 2024-01-08
TimeMachineAutomated Android testing tool utilizing virtualization technology for managing and restoring application states.Android⭐️ 103, 🍴 23, 📝 101,
Last commit: 2022-07-04
MarathonTest automation tool with features like batching, device pools, and sharding for balanced test stability and performance.Android, iOS⭐️ 541, 🍴 116, 📝 1,862,
Last commit: 2023-12-22
TestCompleteAutomated UI functional testing tool with AI-powered object recognition. Discontinued in mid-2023.Web, Android, iOSDiscontinuedNot available
PaparazziAndroid library for rendering and capturing screenshots without a physical device, facilitating UI documentation and testing.Android⭐️ 2,046, 🍴 203, 📝 1,299,
Last commit: 2024-01-08
ShotScreenshot testing tool for Android, supporting traditional views and Jetpack Compose with Gradle integration.Android⭐️ 1,135, 🍴 119, 📝 315,
Last commit: 2023-09-06
Sauce LabsMobile testing tools with features like a real device cloud, emulators, simulators, and app distribution.Web, Android, iOSNot provided$39 to Custom Pricing
Android TestifyAndroid testing tool for capturing and comparing application view screenshots, with CI service compatibility.Android⭐️ 83, 🍴 4, 📝 645,
Last commit: 2024-01-03
ACCELQAI-driven no-code test automation platform for end-to-end business assurance, supporting web, API, mobile, and Salesforce apps.Web, Android, iOSNot providedFree to Custom Pricing

Let’s take a closer look at the 17 free Android automation tools for streamlined testing:


For developers and QA professionals, mobile app reliability is non-negotiable. Repeato steps in as a no-code, free Android automation tool, streamlining the testing process without the complexity often associated with automation frameworks.

Simplify with a No-Code Approach

Repeato’s intuitive no-code interface empowers you to create UI tests for both iOS and Android applications effortlessly. Automation testing for Android is now accessible to anyone, regardless of coding expertise, thanks to Repeato’s user-friendly design.

Efficient Test Automation

With its quick setup and record-and-play methodology, Repeato eliminates the steep learning curve, making it a go-to choice for free automation testing tools for Android. It’s a practical solution for those seeking to automate without extensive technical knowledge.

Versatile Framework Compatibility

Whether you’re working with Flutter, React Native, Xamarin, or Unreal Engine, Repeato offers broad framework support, ensuring compatibility across various development environments.

Streamlined Test Management

Organize, run regression checks, and debug with ease. Repeato integrates test run reports with bug tracking systems and supports CI/CD pipelines, enhancing team collaboration and efficiency.

Cost-Effective Testing

Repeato positions itself as a cost-effective alternative in the android free automation tools list, reducing time and resources needed for test maintenance.

Real-World User Endorsements

User feedback underlines Repeato’s efficacy in reducing testing time and managing complex app configurations seamlessly, aligning with the needs of the Android automation testing community.

By incorporating Repeato into your QA workflow, you can experience a balance between functionality and simplicity, making it a noteworthy mention among free Android automation testing services.

Pros and cons of Repeato

Pros of Repeato

  1. Simple and intuitive interface
  2. Easy setup process, no complex configurations needed
  3. Accessibility for both developers and non-programmers
  4. Supports various testing methods like clicks, drags and scripting
  5. Exceptional stability, no crashes or driver issues
  6. Regular updates with bug fixes and excellent customer support
  7. Great for mobile app testing, with efficient script creation
  8. Allows for hundreds of additional tests each day
  9. User-friendly, with easy adaptation and no initial setup required
  10. Recognizes elements using visual fingerprints for testing
  11. Allows for reusability and easy maintenance of scripts
  12. No prior training or complex coding skills needed

Cons of Repeato

  1. Some limitations for iOS applications when tapping on any system window outside of the app
  2. Access to CI/CD tools is only available at the enterprise level
  3. Occasional unknown errors while performing basic tasks, although they are quickly remedied in the next version.

Detox by Wix

Detox stands out as a comprehensive gray box end-to-end (E2E) testing framework for mobile applications. It’s engineered to replicate a user’s interaction with an app, offering a realistic testing environment for both Android and iOS platforms, with a focus on React Native apps. This free android automation tool allows developers and QA professionals to conduct tests on actual devices or emulators, ensuring a more accurate assessment of the app’s performance.

Key Features of Detox:

  • Cross-Platform Support: Test React Native apps across Android and iOS.
  • Debugging Efficiency: Utilize async-await API for straightforward debugging.
  • Automatic Synchronization: Reduce test flakiness with app synchronization.
  • CI Compatibility: Seamlessly integrates with CI platforms.
  • Realistic Testing: Execute tests on real devices to mirror user experience.
  • Test Runner Flexibility: Compatible with any test runner, despite default Jest integration.

React Native Compatibility:

Detox actively supports React Native versions 0.70.x and 0.71.x, with ongoing efforts to maintain compatibility with both older and newer releases. The team is responsive to community feedback regarding any compatibility issues.

Community and Open Source:

As an open-source framework, Detox thrives on community contributions. The project is licensed under MIT, promoting widespread use and collaborative development. Documentation is readily available on the Detox website, and non-English resources are offered, such as a Brazilian Portuguese guide.

For developers and QA teams in need of a free android automation testing service, Detox offers a robust solution that aligns with the requirements of modern mobile app development, ensuring high-quality, reliable test results.


  1. Cross-Platform Support: Write E2E tests in JavaScript for React Native applications on both Android and iOS platforms.
  2. Debugging Made Simpler: Utilizes an async-await API that allows for setting breakpoints in asynchronous tests.
  3. Automatic Synchronization: Reduces test flakiness by automatically synchronizing with the app’s asynchronous operations.
  4. CI-Friendly: Compatible with continuous integration platforms like Travis CI, Circle CI, or Jenkins.
  5. Real Device Testing: Increases app confidence by testing on actual devices or simulators, providing a closer approximation to real user behavior.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 1949
  • Stars: 10711
  • Commits: 4648
  • Last commit on: 2023-12-19T15:39:08Z

Screenshot-tests for Android by Facebook

For developers and QA professionals seeking a reliable free Android automation tool, Screenshot Tests for Android offers a comprehensive solution for automated screenshot generation during Android instrumentation tests. This open-source library is pivotal for maintaining visual consistency and catching regressions, seamlessly integrating with continuous integration (CI) workflows.

Notable Features:

  • Deterministic screenshots are produced using Android’s measure(), layout(), and draw() methods, ensuring consistency across tests.
  • Development utilities allow immediate feedback on views and layouts in a real Android environment, streamlining the development process.
  • CI integration is robust due to the deterministic nature of the screenshots, essential for high-quality visual regression testing.

System Requirements:

  • Compatible with MacOS and Linux, with community efforts welcomed to extend support to Windows.
  • Requires Python 2.7 and the Python Pillow library for the Gradle plugin.

Ease of Integration:

  • Available from Maven Central for straightforward project integration.
  • Modular structure with distinct modules for core functionality, Gradle plugin convenience, and enhanced layout hierarchy viewing.

Community Driven:

  • The project encourages contributions and is maintained by Hilal Alsibai, with origins credited to Arnold Noronha.


  • Apache License, Version 2.0, fostering broad use and community-driven enhancements.

For those invested in android automation testing for free, Screenshot Tests for Android stands out in the android free automation tools list, offering robust features without compromising on cost. Whether you’re integrating into an existing project or contributing to the tool’s development, this library is a valuable asset in any developer’s toolkit.


  • Deterministic Screenshots: Produces highly deterministic screenshots using Android’s measure(), layout(), and draw() methods.
  • Development Utilities: Offers utilities for immediate view or layout rendering in a real Android environment, with support for multiple configurations.
  • Integration with CI: Enables reliable detection of visual regressions during automated testing in continuous integration pipelines.
  • Remote Service Integration: Supports a disconnected workflow with remote testing services, allowing screenshots to be collected, verified, and recorded using specific Gradle tasks.
  • Modular Structure: The library consists of various modules such as core, plugin, layout-hierarchy-common, and layout-hierarchy-litho for enhanced functionality and integration.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 242
  • Stars: 1723
  • Commits: 551
  • Last commit on: 2023-11-14T20:09:47Z


Waldo is a comprehensive mobile test automation tool that offers a no-code approach, facilitating seamless test creation and efficient issue identification for Android apps. It stands out as a viable option in the realm of free android automation tools, catering to both developers and quality assurance personnel.

Streamlined Test Creation Process

Waldo allows users to upload their app build and create test scenarios through a web-based interface. This intuitive process ensures that even non-technical team members can contribute to defining the “good path” for the app’s user journey. Automated test runs on new builds across various device configurations are simplified, ensuring thorough coverage and consistency.

Enhanced Issue Detection

The platform excels in identifying discrepancies from the expected user journey, providing detailed results including video replays, logs, and network calls. These insights are indispensable for debugging and refining app quality.

Collaborative Efforts and Community Trust

Waldo’s sharing features enhance team collaboration, and its reputation is bolstered by positive feedback from leading mobile apps, highlighting its efficiency in developing high-quality applications.

Broad Framework and CI Tool Support

Supporting a wide array of frameworks such as React Native, Flutter, and Android Compose, Waldo is also compatible with major CI tools like Circle CI and GitHub Actions, streamlining continuous integration and delivery workflows.

Accessibility and Transparency

With features designed for both technical and non-technical users, Waldo promotes accessibility and transparency within the testing process, allowing any team member to access test replays and contribute to troubleshooting.

Getting Started

Those interested in leveraging free android automation testing services can trial Waldo or opt for a personalized demo to understand how it aligns with their specific requirements.

By offering a platform that combines ease of use with robust testing capabilities, Waldo is positioned as a noteworthy contender in the free automation testing tools for Android, and it’s an asset for teams focused on delivering quality mobile applications.

Pros and cons of Waldo


  1. Tests from a real user’s perspective, making it less sensitive to UI changes.
  2. Finds elements even if they change position, ID, or size, leading to more successful test completions.
  3. Assertion feature alerts when changes are detected that may need review.
  4. Includes a flakiness score to identify and improve flaky tests.
  5. Advanced features like deep linking and branch testing enhance testing capabilities.
  6. Contributes to faster and more efficient development cycles by catching bugs earlier.
  7. Allows for confidence in releasing new updates without full manual regression.
  8. Scalable and reliable technology that mimics real user interactions.
  9. Excellent customer support with proactive outreach and dedicated communication channels.
  10. Reduces manual testing time significantly, allowing for faster feedback loops and quicker bug fixes.


  1. Continuous evolution of the product can require frequent adaptation of testing methods.
  2. Some users experience slower execution speed of test suites.
  3. Edge cases may be challenging to automate with the current toolset.
  4. No-code approach may lead to updating tests only after new code breaks them.
  5. Learning curve associated with adopting new developer tools like Waldo.
  6. Can’t automate 100% of tests, as certain scenarios may still require manual attention.
  7. End-to-end tests, particularly on mobile, can be inherently slow.
  8. Dependency on the tool’s updates and improvements for better performance.
  9. Some initial setup and familiarization with the technology are necessary.
  10. May not be as intuitive for teams accustomed to traditional code-first testing approaches.

Bitbar by Smartbear

SmartBear’s BitBar is a versatile cloud-based platform for both web and mobile app testing, tailored for developers and QA professionals. It addresses the need for efficient testing by providing access to a plethora of real mobile devices and browsers, streamlining the testing workflow without the hassles of lab upkeep.

Streamline Your Android Testing

  • Real Device Access: Thousands of devices are at your fingertips for rigorous Android testing.
  • Automated Browser Testing: Ensure your apps perform seamlessly across diverse web environments.
  • Parallel Test Execution: Accelerate your test cycles by running automated tests simultaneously.

Optimize with BitBar’s Cloud Solutions

  • Maintenance-Free: Bid farewell to the overhead of setting up and maintaining your test environment.
  • Secure Testing: Utilize BitBar’s secure public cloud or opt for private cloud solutions for heightened security needs.
  • Framework Compatibility: Supports a broad range of frameworks like Selenium and Appium, and languages including Java and Python.

Start Testing for Free

Dive into BitBar’s capabilities with a 14-day trial, no credit card required. Experience the benefits of cloud-based Android automation testing for free, and explore enterprise options for complex security and infrastructure demands.

For those seeking free automation testing tools for Android, BitBar offers a comprehensive solution. It’s part of an android free automation tools list that supports a variety of android opensource testing tools. As a free android automation testing service, it allows teams to conduct android automation testing for free, ensuring that you can deliver quality software efficiently.

Pros and cons of Bitbar


  • Extensive support for cross-browser testing, allowing for quick identification of bugs.
  • Ability to take screenshots and record tests when a test case fails, enhancing the debugging process.
  • Offers a Record & Play feature which is highly valued by users.
  • User-friendly interface that supports a large number of browsers, making it easy to test across different environments.
  • Positive feedback on the tool’s reliability with no significant dislikes reported by some users.
  • Simplifies site updates and cross-browser compatibility checks for multiple clients.
  • Provides a wide range of systems and devices for testing purposes.
  • Enables efficient automation of testing across various devices and operating systems.
  • Cost-effective, with the tool’s efficiency offsetting the expense through time savings.
  • Effective dashboard that provides a quick and concise overview of testing status and results.


  • Occasionally, web applications fail to launch on Internet Explorer (IE 11), indicating compatibility issues.
  • Customer support experiences have been inconsistent, with some users finding it difficult to get clear answers and technical assistance.
  • Aggressive sales tactics have been reported, leading to a negative experience for some customers.
  • Pricing discrepancies and lack of clear communication regarding costs have been a concern, resulting in customer dissatisfaction.
  • The user experience (UX) could be improved, especially for beginners; suggestions include having different modes for novice and expert users.
  • The onboarding process, while praised for being quick and easy, could potentially be further optimized for new users.


Espresso is a free Android automation tool designed to simplify UI testing for Android applications. As part of the free automation testing tools for Android, Espresso integrates with Android Studio, enabling developers and QA professionals to write maintainable tests.

Espresso’s Key Advantages:

  • Human-Readable Tests: Espresso’s API supports both Kotlin and Java, focusing on readability and conciseness, as demonstrated in the provided code examples.
  • Rapid Execution: Tests run quickly without the need for manual synchronization, thanks to Espresso’s automatic handling of UI thread synchronization.
  • Dependable Synchronization: The framework ensures tests wait for UI elements to be in an idle state, reducing flakiness and improving test accuracy.

Espresso is tailored for developers who prioritize automated testing in their development workflow and is suitable for both white-box and black-box testing approaches.

Espresso’s Toolset:

  • Core Packages: Includes essential matchers, actions, and assertions (espresso-core).
  • Web Support: Facilitates testing of WebView components (espresso-web).
  • Background Sync: Manages synchronization with background tasks (espresso-idling-resource).
  • Extended Contributions: Provides additional matchers and actions for complex UI components (espresso-contrib).
  • Intents Testing: Allows for validation and stubbing of intents (espresso-intents).
  • Multi-Process Testing: Supports testing across multiple Android app processes (espresso-remote).

Espresso’s documentation and extensive code samples are available to assist in creating effective UI tests, contributing to the android free automation tools list. This open-source tool is a valuable addition to the android automation testing for free landscape, offering robust testing capabilities without cost.

Playwright for Android

Playwright is a versatile Node.js library that facilitates automation for web applications, extending its capabilities to Android devices. Its experimental support for Android automation includes Chrome for Android and the WebView component, making it a viable solution for free android automation tools.

Getting Started with Playwright on Android

To leverage Playwright’s automation features on Android, you need:

  • An Android device or emulator setup.
  • ADB (Android Debug Bridge) must be active and authenticated.
  • Chrome (version 87+) installed on your device.
  • “Enable command line on non-rooted devices” activated in Chrome flags.

Limitations to Consider

Playwright’s Android automation comes with certain constraints:

  • ADB is necessary as Playwright can’t perform USB operations directly.
  • Devices should be active to capture screenshots; “Stay awake” in developer settings is recommended.
  • Not all features have been tested on Android, so unexpected behavior may occur.

Implementing Playwright for Android Automation

Developers can write scripts to automate Android devices. Here’s a snippet demonstrating Playwright’s use:

const { _android: android } = require('playwright');
// Code to connect to device, take screenshots, and interact with WebView and Chrome.

To optimize Playwright’s setup for Android testing, bypass the browser download with:


Playwright’s Android Functionalities

Key methods in Playwright for Android interaction include:

  • connect: Attaches to an Android device.
  • devices: Lists connected Android devices.
  • launchServer: Starts a server for Android clients.
  • setDefaultTimeout: Alters the default timeout for operations.

Resources and Support

Playwright offers detailed documentation and API references for users. Community support is available through Stack Overflow, Discord, and Twitter.

In essence, Playwright provides developers and QA professionals with a free android automation testing service, streamlining their development workflow. While it has its limitations, it’s a noteworthy tool for incorporating automation testing into Android environments.


Applitools provides a Visual AI-powered test automation platform, streamlining the testing process for developers and QA professionals seeking free android automation tools. This AI-enhanced platform improves test creation, execution, analysis, and maintenance efficiency, catering to the need for reliable android free automation tools list.

Streamlined Test Creation and Execution
Preflight, Applitools’ no-code solution, simplifies test creation and execution without compromising on thoroughness, aligning with the search for free automation testing tools android. The Execution Cloud further supports resilient tests on various OS frameworks, addressing the demand for android automation testing for free.

Visual Validation with Eyes
Eyes, the first Visual AI validation engine, automates UI testing at scale, ensuring that every interface element is correctly displayed, an essential feature for those seeking free android automation testing services.

Scalable Testing with the Ultrafast Grid
The Ultrafast Grid expedites functional and visual testing across multiple browsers and devices, providing the scalability required by android opensource testing tools.

Improved Maintenance with Auto-Maintenance
Auto-Maintenance capabilities group similar issues and auto-update tests, highlighting the efficiency of Applitools in maintaining android automation testing for free.

Visual AI and Enhanced Test Coverage
Visual AI is crucial in validating UI elements thoroughly, from text to videos, ensuring comprehensive test coverage. Applitools extends traditional functional testing to verify both functionality and visual integrity across screens and devices.

Seamless Integrations
With SDKs supporting integration with established frameworks like Selenium and Appium, Applitools enhances existing test suites, making it a valuable addition to any android free automation tools list.

Accessibility and Comprehensive Testing
Applitools also offers visual accessibility testing tools, ensuring UI compliance with visual standards, a vital aspect for comprehensive testing solutions.

By incorporating Visual AI, Applitools addresses the core needs of developers and QA teams for efficient, scalable, and comprehensive testing solutions within the realm of free android automation tools.

Pros and cons of Applitools


  1. Easy to use and implement into existing automation workflows.
  2. Customer-focused support and assistance.
  3. Facilitates the detection of unintended changes, especially in large applications.
  4. Shallow learning curve, making it accessible for QA teams with less coding experience.
  5. Enhances cross-browser and cross-device testing capabilities.
  6. Visual regression testing moves beyond simple visibility checks to ensure visual perfection.
  7. Integration with popular frameworks like Cypress for immediate feedback on changes.
  8. Offers multiple SDKs for ease of creating and comparing visual snapshots.
  9. Features like self-healing capabilities for cloud runners improve user experience.
  10. Supports visual validation for accessibility and early component validation in the delivery cycle.


  1. The platform can be sluggish on slower connections or computers.
  2. Initial maintenance and setup may require some time to get used to.
  3. Error reporting can be problematic for automated report generation.
  4. Snapshot quality issues have been observed, although updates have addressed them.
  5. Lack of built-in support for Azure DevOps Server on pipelines (though now available and updated).
  6. Misuse of the tool due to a lack of understanding of its collaborative potential.
  7. Branch and baseline management can be confusing, especially for non-technical team members.
  8. The cost of Applitools can be prohibitive, especially for large companies requiring many accounts.
  9. The GUI, while user-friendly, may oversimplify for advanced users or specific use cases.
  10. While the tool is mature and comprehensive, its powerful features come with a high price tag.


Appium is an open-source framework that addresses the needs of developers and QA professionals seeking free Android automation tools. It facilitates cross-platform testing, including native, hybrid, and mobile web applications, without requiring any modification to the app itself. Appium is compatible with a range of programming languages, offering flexibility in test script creation.

The transition to Appium 2 has introduced improvements, and users are encouraged to migrate using the provided Migration Guide. Installation is straightforward with the npm package manager, and the necessary platform drivers can be managed via the Appium Extension CLI.

Key Features:

  • Supports multiple programming languages (Java, Python, Ruby, C#).
  • Compatible with iOS, Android, macOS, and Windows.
  • Utilizes WebDriver protocol for a standardized testing approach.
  • Offers an ecosystem with drivers, client libraries, and plugins for extended functionality.
  • Provides the Appium Inspector for visual inspection of application page sources.

The Appium server, operated through a CLI, supports custom configurations and parallel testing. Appium’s alignment with the WebDriver protocol and its licensing under the Apache-2.0 license make it a go-to android automation testing service for those seeking a free, robust, and community-supported testing tool. For complete details on Appium’s capabilities, the official documentation serves as a comprehensive resource.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 5946
  • Stars: 17380
  • Commits: 10526
  • Last commit on: 2024-01-05T10:27:17Z


TimeMachine stands out as a notable free Android automation tool, catering to developers and QA professionals seeking to enhance their testing strategies. This tool is adept at optimizing the testing cycle by pinpointing and utilizing the most progressive states during tests. Such a method ensures increased code coverage and efficiency, sidestepping redundant test phases.

Streamlined Testing with TimeMachine

Leveraging virtualization, TimeMachine employs an Android emulator to preserve and revert to specific app states throughout the testing phase. It keeps track of the GUI layout, recording each state encountered. When a notable state surfaces, TimeMachine retains it for future reference, ensuring a seamless testing progression.

For instances of slow testing momentum, TimeMachine intervenes by reverting to a previously saved productive state, thus facilitating a more comprehensive examination of the app’s functionality within tight schedules.

Enhanced Features and Stability

Recent enhancements have improved TimeMachine’s integration with the Android ecosystem, transitioning from VirtualBox to the Android Emulator and adopting Jacoco over EMMA for app instrumentation. These updates, along with fixes to adb-related issues, have substantially bolstered the tool’s reliability.

Getting Started with TimeMachine

Prerequisites include Ubuntu or Mac-OSX, Android SDK with API level 25, and Python 2.7. Setting up involves cloning the TimeMachine repository, instrumenting an app with Jacoco, and verifying the setup via an emulator. Testing with TimeMachine is straightforward, utilizing a script execution with user-defined parameters.

TimeMachine’s evolution has seen it shed dependencies on outdated tools and focus on open-source projects, positioning it as a competent solution for your Android automation testing needs. With its intelligent state management and updated features, TimeMachine is a valuable asset for achieving thorough app testing without incurring costs.


  1. Utilizes virtualization technology to save and restore application states during testing.
  2. Monitors the GUI layout and maintains a record of all discovered states, saving interesting ones.
  3. Detects and restores from slow-progress states to promote thorough exploration.
  4. Integrates with Android Emulator for streamlined testing within the Android-specific environment.
  5. Uses Jacoco for more modern and widely-adopted app instrumentation.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 23
  • Stars: 103
  • Commits: 101
  • Last commit on: 2022-07-04T16:30:51Z

Marathon by MarathonLabs

Marathon is an open-source test automation tool crafted to enhance testing efficiency for Android and iOS applications. Its core functionality is built around performance and stability, with features that streamline the automation process.

Streamlining Test Execution
Marathon offers several features that optimize test automation:

  • Test Batching allows for organized and efficient test executions.
  • Device Pools enable parallel test runs, improving throughput.
  • Test Sharding ensures balanced workloads across devices.
  • Test Sorting prioritizes tests to reduce overall execution time.
  • Preventive and Post-factum Retries manage flaky tests and environments effectively.

Advanced Strategies for Improved Testing
Marathon implements strategies to address test flakiness and manage test durations:

  • A Flakiness Strategy uses statistical data to schedule retries intelligently.
  • A Sorting Strategy ensures longer tests are executed first.
  • Retry Quotas prevent excessive retries from impacting test runs.

Configuration and Execution
Setting up Marathon requires a simple Marathonfile in your project’s root directory. The tool is compatible with both local and remote instances and supports execution from Linux machines. Initiating tests is as straightforward as running the marathon command in your project’s directory.

System Compatibility
Marathon is compatible with systems running Java Runtime Environment 8 or higher, catering to a broad range of development environments.

Marathon Cloud
For teams requiring scalable testing infrastructure, Marathon Cloud offers a cloud-based service that can process a vast number of tests swiftly, suitable for businesses of all sizes.

Open-Source Contribution
Developers are encouraged to contribute to Marathon’s growth. The tool is GPL 2.0 licensed, with some components having their specific licenses.

For developers and QA professionals seeking free android automation tools, Marathon presents a robust solution. It’s part of an android free automation tools list that emphasizes flexibility and efficiency in test automation. As one of the noteworthy android opensource testing tools, it provides android automation testing for free, without compromising on capabilities. Those in search of free android automation testing services will find Marathon’s features and cloud solutions highly beneficial for their testing requirements.


  1. Test Batching: Grouping tests to be executed as a batch for better organization and efficiency.
  2. Device Pools: Utilizing multiple devices to run tests in parallel, increasing test throughput.
  3. Test Sharding: Distributing tests across devices to ensure that each device has a proportionate workload.
  4. Test Sorting: Prioritizing the execution order of tests, typically running longer tests first to minimize overall execution time.
  5. Preventive Retries: Planning ahead for potential test failures due to flaky tests or environments by scheduling retries in advance.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 115
  • Stars: 538
  • Commits: 1856
  • Last commit on: 2023-12-07T11:16:09Z

TestComplete by Smartbear

While TestComplete by SmartBear Software offered a robust solution for automated UI testing, its discontinuation in mid-2023 has led many developers and QA professionals to seek other free android automation tools. The need for efficient and reliable android automation testing for free remains high, particularly for those working on desktop, web, and mobile applications.

For those in search of free automation testing tools for Android, the market offers a variety of android free automation tools lists that include open-source options. These android opensource testing tools provide an array of functionalities that can cater to different testing requirements, from AI-powered object recognition to both scripted and scriptless test creation processes.

As the search for free android automation testing services continues, it’s essential to consider tools that align with your project needs while offering the flexibility and support necessary for comprehensive testing. The community of developers and testers can benefit from sharing insights on these tools, ensuring the quality and performance of applications in a cost-effective manner.


Paparazzi is a free Android automation tool that addresses the needs of developers and QA professionals for efficient UI testing without the dependency on physical devices or emulators. This open-source library simplifies the validation of Android application interfaces through snapshot testing and automated reporting features.

Streamlined UI Testing with Paparazzi

Paparazzi’s robust feature set includes:

  • Snapshot Testing: Automate the capture and comparison of UI snapshots to ensure visual consistency.
  • HTML Reporting: Generate comprehensive HTML reports for test reviews and sharing.
  • Golden Value Recording: Save snapshots as benchmarks in a version-controlled environment.
  • Snapshot Verification: Conduct UI tests against established benchmarks to quickly identify discrepancies.

Enhancing Your Development Workflow

To incorporate Paparazzi into your testing regimen, it integrates seamlessly with Gradle, allowing tasks such as test execution, report generation, and golden value management. It also supports Git Large File Storage (LFS) for efficient binary file handling, making it suitable for projects with extensive snapshot libraries.

Compatibility and Setup

Paparazzi is compatible with current Android development practices and can be easily added to your project using Gradle plugins. Despite its simplicity, it provides configurations to work with various Android components and third-party animations like Lottie, ensuring broad compatibility.

Open Source Licensing

As an Android opensource testing tool, Paparazzi is licensed under Apache License 2.0, ensuring it can be freely incorporated into your development projects with adherence to the license terms.

For developers and QA testers in search of android automation testing for free, Paparazzi presents a viable solution to streamline UI testing within the Android development ecosystem.


  • Snapshot Testing: Capture and compare snapshots of Android UI views or composables against golden images.
  • HTML Reporting: Automatic generation of HTML reports for reviewing and sharing test results.
  • Golden Value Recording: Capability to record snapshots as golden values for future comparison.
  • Snapshot Verification: Allows running tests to verify UI against recorded golden values and generates diffs for changes.
  • Gradle Integration: Automates tasks like running tests, generating reports, recording golden values, and verifying snapshots.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 200
  • Stars: 2032
  • Commits: 1286
  • Last commit on: 2023-12-17T03:53:32Z


Shot is a free Android automation tool designed to streamline screenshot testing for developers and quality assurance professionals. Utilizing a Gradle plugin and core Android library, Shot enables easy integration of screenshot tests into your Android development workflow.

Features of Shot

  • Screenshot Testing: Automate the capture and comparison of screenshots in your Android applications.
  • Jetpack Compose Support: Write tests for Android views and Jetpack Compose UI components.
  • CI Integration: Configure emulator settings to optimize for continuous integration environments.
  • Gradle Integration: Access various tasks such as recording and verifying screenshots through Gradle commands.

Getting Started
Setting up Shot requires modifications to both the project’s build.gradle file to include the plugin and the app module’s build.gradle to apply it and configure the ShotTestRunner.

Writing and Executing Tests
Developers can write screenshot tests using Kotlin and execute them with Gradle commands. Shot facilitates recording tests and verifying them against previously captured screenshots, with an error report generated upon discrepancies.

Advanced Capabilities

  • Compatible with API levels 28 and above.
  • Allows setting tolerance levels for image comparisons.
  • Generates HTML reports and supports base64 output for failures.
  • Enables testing of specific subsets or individual test classes.

Shot provides a structured, free android automation testing service for ensuring visual consistency across app updates. Its compatibility with various Android Gradle Plugin versions and the potential for iOS support through Swift Snapshot Testing extends its utility across platforms. For developers seeking a free automation testing tool for Android, Shot offers a comprehensive solution tailored to modern Android development challenges.


  1. Provides a structured approach for writing screenshot tests, including a ScreenshotTest interface and ShotTestRunner.
  2. Enables screenshot testing for both traditional Android views and Jetpack Compose UI components.
  3. Offers various Gradle tasks for recording, verifying, and managing screenshots.
  4. Allows setting tolerance levels for image comparison and generates detailed error reports.
  5. Supports integration with continuous integration environments and generates HTML reports for failures.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 119
  • Stars: 1134
  • Commits: 315
  • Last commit on: 2023-09-06T06:28:58Z

Sauce Labs

In the realm of software development, the importance of mobile app testing cannot be overstated, particularly for Android applications. For developers and QA teams seeking cost-effective solutions, free Android automation tools are a game-changer. These tools enable thorough testing to ensure applications perform optimally on various Android devices and versions.

Android Free Automation Tools List

  • Real Device Cloud: Access a plethora of Android devices for comprehensive automated and manual testing, enhancing productivity and debugging capabilities.
  • Emulators & Simulators: Cost-effective options like emulators and simulators replicate device behavior, ideal for early-stage automated testing and integration with CI/CD pipelines.
  • Android Opensource Testing Tools: Leverage the open-source community’s power for collaborative and innovative testing solutions that are freely available.

Android Automation Testing for Free

  • Beta Testing Platforms: Utilize secure beta testing services for Android apps that offer live video feedback and streamlined in-app bug reporting to polish your application pre-release.
  • Error Monitoring Tools: Integrate free error monitoring and reporting tools to pinpoint and prioritize app issues, complete with detailed analytics to enhance app stability.

Free android automation testing services and tools provide developers with robust options to ensure their apps meet quality standards without incurring extra costs. These resources are vital for those aiming to deliver seamless user experiences while managing budget constraints.

Pros and cons of Sauce Labs


  1. Easy to integrate with existing codebases, enhancing the adaptability for teams.
  2. Offers a high degree of versatility for testing across different browsers, devices, and platforms.
  3. Provides an intuitive user interface that is frequently updated based on user feedback.
  4. Regularly introduces new features and improvements to the service.
  5. Boasts a supportive community for troubleshooting and user assistance.
  6. Enables effective cross-browser and cross-platform testing without complex setups.
  7. Supports the latest web browsers and mobile operating systems for both forward and backward compatibility testing.
  8. Facilitates parallel execution, allowing numerous instances to run simultaneously, which significantly reduces test suite execution time.
  9. Features video recordings of tests to help identify where failures occur.
  10. Includes a platform configurator to assist in running test suites on real mobile applications.


  1. The cost can be high due to the reliance on virtual machines.
  2. Users may occasionally encounter server errors.
  3. Customer support response times can be slow.
  4. Frequent changes in account managers can disrupt service continuity.
  5. Lacks an option to export test reports in formats such as TestNG, Cucumber, and Extent directly from Sauce Labs.
  6. The process of copying usernames and passwords from the profile can be cumbersome.
  7. Errors during testing can occur, requiring users to rely on video features for debugging.
  8. Does not provide email triage for report notifications of test suites.
  9. Running real mobile device tests with the same web browser suite can present challenges.
  10. The time taken for script execution can be a concern for some users.

Android Testify

Testify is an open-source tool that enriches Android automation testing, specifically focusing on the UI layer through screenshot comparisons. It’s a part of the android free automation tools list, designed to integrate with Android Instrumentation tests and streamline the addition to your existing test suites.

Features and Integration

Developers can leverage Testify within Android Studio or via Gradle command-line tools. It offers compatibility with Continuous Integration services, ensuring that it fits into professional development workflows. Notable features include:

  • Screenshot capture across various resolutions, orientations, API versions, and languages.
  • Device characteristic-based grouping for screenshot tests.
  • Accurate UI representation by capturing bitmaps post layout and draw calls.

Testify’s migration to the dev.testify package in version 2.0 is a consideration for existing users.

Setup and Usage

To get started, add Testify’s dependencies to your project’s build.gradle files. The Android Studio plugin further simplifies the process with an integrated UI for managing Testify commands. Developers should disable system animations on test devices to prevent test failures due to synchronization issues.

Writing Tests and Managing Baselines

Testify allows the creation of screenshot tests extending ActivityTestRule. The framework manages activity lifecycles while the assertSame() method validates the UI against baseline images. Baseline management is facilitated through Gradle tasks for recording, verifying, and managing screenshots.

Reporting and Compliance

Developers can generate YAML test reports for detailed test run statistics. Testify is licensed under the MIT License, ensuring free and open usage while maintaining the necessary legal clearances.

By utilizing free android automation testing services like Testify, developers and QA personnel can address the need for reliable UI test automation without incurring costs. The tool’s extensive documentation and community support make it a practical choice for enhancing test coverage and reducing flakiness in Android applications.


  1. Testify allows for capturing screenshots with different resolutions, orientations, API versions, and languages by configuring various emulators.
  2. It provides the ability to group screenshot tests by device characteristics.
  3. It captures bitmaps after all layout and draw calls are complete, ensuring an accurate representation of the UI.
  4. The tool integrates seamlessly with Android Instrumentation tests and can be used directly within Android Studio or through Gradle command-line tools.
  5. Testify is compatible with most Continuous Integration services.

Github stats:

  • Forks: 4
  • Stars: 80
  • Commits: 637
  • Last commit on: 2023-12-10T17:42:09Z


ACCELQ is an AI-driven test automation platform that simplifies the process of quality assurance in software development for Android applications. It stands out in the realm of free android automation tools by enabling users to execute test cases without the need for coding, making it an accessible choice for testers of various skill levels.

Simplified Test Creation with AI

ACCELQ’s codeless environment reduces the complexity traditionally associated with test automation. Its AI-powered tools allow functional testers to design scalable tests and automation engineers to concentrate on advanced test architecture rather than routine coding.

Comprehensive Testing Across Platforms

Offering a unified testing solution, ACCELQ is not limited to web applications but extends its capabilities to mobile, API, desktop, and backend systems. This cross-channel functionality ensures that your android free automation tools list includes a versatile option capable of handling enterprise-level application portfolios.

Enhanced Test Management

Integration with tools like Jira and AzureDevOps positions ACCELQ as a collaborative platform, promoting synergy between manual testers, automation engineers, and IT leaders. The platform’s quality lifecycle management tools support accelerated delivery without sacrificing test integrity.

Industry-Specific Automation

Whether you’re involved in financial services, healthcare, or retail, ACCELQ’s industry solutions cater to a wide array of sectors, including specialized automation for Salesforce. It’s an android automation testing tool for free that doesn’t compromise on functionality for cost.

Learning Resources and Community Engagement

ACCELQ promotes skill-building through its Q Academy, offering resources to master agile testing and platform capabilities. The community support, including blogs and events, helps users stay connected and informed.

For those seeking free android automation testing services, ACCELQ provides a comprehensive suite of products, from web to mobile automation, without the entry barrier of coding knowledge. It’s an open-source-friendly alternative for those exploring android opensource testing tools, aiming to provide a seamless transition into automated testing.

Pros and cons of Accelq


  1. Efficiency and Speed: ACCELQ offers a streamlined testing process that enhances overall efficiency and speed.
  2. Self-Healing Capabilities: The tool has self-healing features that help maintain test accuracy over time.
  3. Improved Test Coverage: Users report that ACCELQ helps in achieving more comprehensive test coverage.
  4. Object Repository: A centralized object repository aids in better test management and reusability.
  5. Defined Framework: ACCELQ comes with a predefined framework that reduces setup time and effort.
  6. Logging Features: Detailed logging capabilities are available for better tracking and debugging of tests.
  7. Defined Methods: The tool provides predefined methods that can be used to streamline test creation.
  8. Salesforce Automation: It is particularly strong in automating tests for Salesforce applications.
  9. Easy Maintenance: Maintenance of tests is easier due to the tool’s design and features.
  10. Accelerated Development: Advanced AI capabilities in ACCELQ support faster development of test cases.


  1. Java Integration: The need for an in-built editor for Java integrations to custom methods is an area for improvement.
  2. Desktop UI Issues: Some users encounter issues with the Desktop UI, although alternatives like CLI are available.
  3. Grid Filters: There is a need for enhancements in Grid Filters to support custom and diverse filter items.
  4. Data Warehouse Integration: For those dealing with heterogeneous data sources, there may be challenges without a centralized data warehouse.
  5. ETL Testing Limitations: While ACCELQ simplifies ETL testing, there may be complexities when dealing with varied data transformations and compliance standards.
  6. Learning Curve: New users might experience a learning curve due to the advanced features and AI capabilities.
  7. Cost: The pricing model may be a consideration for smaller teams or individual users.
  8. Limited Language Support: Users who prefer programming languages other than Java may find limited support.
  9. Customization Limits: Some users may require more customization options than what is currently available.
  10. Documentation and Support: While not always the case, some users might seek more comprehensive documentation and support for complex scenarios.


In conclusion, our evaluation of the various test automation tools reveals a diverse landscape, each with its own set of features, pricing models, and targeted user bases.

Repeato stands out with its no-code, AI-powered approach, offering a user-friendly solution for mobile app testing that’s accessible to both developers and non-programmers. Its use of computer vision and machine learning for fast execution, along with flexible pricing—including a perpetual free plan—makes it particularly appealing for projects of different scales. For more insights into mobile app testing and related topics, readers can explore our extensive range of articles, such as Test Debt and Espresso Alternatives.

Detox and Espresso are both free, open-source options that cater to developers with coding skills, with Detox providing a more streamlined experience for React Native apps and Espresso focusing on Android UI tests.

Applitools leverages AI with Visual AI, and ACCELQ delivers a no-code, AI-driven testing environment, both offering comprehensive solutions with a focus on ease of use and integration.

BitBar and Sauce Labs provide robust device farms with a variety of real devices and browsers for web and mobile app testing. However, BitBar lacks a permanent free plan, while Sauce Labs offers a range of pricing options, including a free trial.

Waldo, like Repeato, offers a no-code solution with a free plan, making it a strong competitor for teams looking for an intuitive interface and no-code test creation.

For those seeking open-source tools with a focus on specific aspects of testing, Screenshot-tests for Android, Paparazzi, Shot, and Android Testify offer screenshot-based testing, while Marathon and TimeMachine focus on performance and state management, respectively.

While each tool provides unique advantages, Repeato’s blend of ease of use, no-code capabilities, and AI-powered testing positions it as a versatile choice for teams aiming to enhance their mobile testing effectiveness without the steep learning curve associated with traditional automation tools.

For readers interested in delving deeper into mobile testing, we invite you to explore articles such as Mobile App Testing Checklist and Cross-Platform Mobile Test Automation Tools, which provide valuable insights and best practices.


Does Android have an automation app?

Yes, Android has several automation apps, including Repeato, which is a no-code app test automation solution that supports Android apps. It allows for recording and replaying user interactions quickly and easily.

How to automate processes in Android?

Processes in Android can be automated using various tools like UI Automator and Espresso. Repeato also offers a super easy no-code setup to automate processes, with a free plan available for unlimited test runs.

What is the selenium equivalent for Android?

The Selenium equivalent for Android is Appium, which allows for automation of native, hybrid, and mobile web applications. Alternatively, Espresso and UI Automator are also popular within the Android ecosystem.

What is the best Android automation flow?

The best Android automation flow typically involves:

  1. Identifying test scenarios
  2. Setting up the automation environment
  3. Recording or scripting tests
  4. Running and debugging tests
  5. Analyzing results
    Repeato offers an intuitive flow with its record and replay feature, simplifying the test automation process.

How to automate test in Android?

To automate tests in Android, you can use tools like Espresso, UI Automator, or third-party solutions like Repeato, which provides a no-code, record and replay functionality to create tests quickly.

What is the automation tool for Android apps?

Repeato is an automation tool for Android apps that enables users to record and replay user interactions without coding. It supports various frameworks and has a free plan with unlimited test runs.

What is the best APK for mobile automation testing?

The best APK for mobile automation testing is subjective to the tester’s needs. However, Repeato offers a comprehensive APK for mobile automation testing with a user-friendly interface for recording and replaying tests on Android devices.

What is the equivalent of selenium in Android?

The equivalent of Selenium for Android is Appium, but for those seeking a more straightforward approach, Repeato provides a no-code solution that is easy to set up and use.

Is an open-source mobile testing tool?

Yes, there are open-source mobile testing tools available, such as Appium and Espresso. These tools allow for automation of mobile app testing and are widely used in the industry.

What is the Selenium equivalent for Android?

The Selenium equivalent for Android is Appium, which is a cross-platform testing framework that allows for the automation of mobile apps across both Android and iOS platforms.

Is Appium free to use?

Yes, Appium is an open-source tool and is free to use. It is a popular choice for automating mobile app testing across different platforms.

Is Katalon free tool?

Katalon Studio offers both a free version and paid versions with more advanced features. The free version can be sufficient for many small to medium-sized projects. For more extensive testing needs, Katalon’s paid subscriptions might be considered.

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