Troubleshooting Espresso UI Test Cancellation in Android Development

Troubleshooting Espresso UI Test Cancellation in Android Development

11 April 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment Tech-Help

When working with UI testing in Android using the Espresso framework, developers may occasionally encounter a scenario where the test is cancelled without any error message. This can be a perplexing situation, but understanding how to troubleshoot and resolve this issue is crucial for maintaining a robust testing suite.

Common Causes of Test Cancellation

One common cause of test cancellation can be related to the Android emulator configuration. Specifically, tests may behave unexpectedly or fail to run if executed on an x86 emulator. This issue has been noted particularly when dealing with API levels 30 and below. A simple switch to an x86_64 emulator configuration may resolve this problem for these API levels.

Identifying the Underlying Issue

If changing the emulator configuration does not resolve the issue or if you are working with API level 31 or above, the next step is to extract more detailed information about the failure. This can be achieved by accessing the logs via Android Debug Bridge (ADB).

Using ADB Logcat to View Logs

The adb logcat command allows developers to view system logs, which can provide insights into any errors or exceptions that occur during the execution of a test. Errors such as NoSuchMethodError or others related to method calls and library dependencies often surface in the logs, pointing to potential conflicts or incorrect configurations in the project’s build setup.

Resolving Dependency Conflicts

Upon inspecting the logs, you may discover errors indicating a conflict with library dependencies. For instance, an issue with protobuf-lite can arise when using the espresso-contrib library. To address this, you can exclude the conflicting module directly in your build.gradle file:

androidTestImplementation ("androidx.test.espresso:espresso-contrib:3.4.0") {
    exclude module: "protobuf-lite"

By excluding the problematic module, you can often resolve the issue and get your Espresso UI tests back on track.


Espresso UI test cancellations without error messages can be challenging, but by utilizing the Android emulator correctly, accessing detailed logs with ADB, and resolving any dependency conflicts in your Gradle configuration, you can effectively troubleshoot and fix these issues. With these steps, you’ll ensure that your Android UI tests run smoothly and provide reliable feedback for your application’s user interface.

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