Managing Multiple Tabs in Selenium

Managing Multiple Tabs in Selenium

21 May 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment Tech-Help

Working with Selenium often requires handling multiple tabs within a single browser instance. This guide will provide you with practical methods to manage multiple tabs effectively, ensuring smooth automation workflows.

Switching Between Tabs

Selenium WebDriver allows you to switch between different browser tabs using the driver.switchTo().window() method. Here’s a breakdown of the steps involved:

  1. Get the current window handle using driver.getWindowHandle().
  2. Retrieve the list of window handles using driver.getWindowHandles().
  3. Switch between tabs using the window handles obtained.

Example code for switching between tabs:

  // Get the current window handle
  String currentHandle = driver.getWindowHandle();
  // Get the list of window handles
  ArrayList<String> tabs = new ArrayList<String>(driver.getWindowHandles());
  // Switch to the desired tab
  // Switch back to the original tab

Opening a New Tab

To open a new tab, you can use keyboard shortcuts within Selenium. The following example demonstrates how to open a new tab using Ctrl + t and switch between tabs using Ctrl + \t:

  // Open a new tab using Ctrl + t
  driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("body")).sendKeys(Keys.CONTROL + "t");
  // Switch between tabs using Ctrl + \t
  driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("body")).sendKeys(Keys.CONTROL + "\t");

Practical Examples

Let’s consider a scenario where you need to open multiple tabs and perform actions on each tab sequentially. Here’s a sample code snippet to achieve this:

  // Open multiple tabs and navigate to a URL
  for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    ((JavascriptExecutor) driver).executeScript("'about:blank', '_blank');");
  // Switch to each tab and perform actions
  ArrayList<String> tabs = new ArrayList<String>(driver.getWindowHandles());
  for (int i = 0; i < tabs.size(); i++) {

Considerations for Multi-Threading

If you need to run multiple tabs simultaneously, consider using multiple instances of WebDriver or implementing multi-threading. This approach ensures that each tab operates independently without conflicts.

  public void Work() {
    IWebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
    // Perform actions
  public void Work2() {
    IWebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
    // Perform actions
  // Running in separate threads
  Thread thread1 = new Thread(new ThreadStart(Work));
  Thread thread2 = new Thread(new ThreadStart(Work2));

Enhancing Your Test Automation with Repeato

For those looking to streamline their test automation processes, consider using Repeato. Repeato is a no-code test automation tool for iOS and Android that simplifies the creation, execution, and maintenance of automated tests. Its intuitive test recorder and computer vision-based approach make it particularly fast and user-friendly.

Repeato also supports advanced scripting for complex use cases and allows testing websites inside Android emulators or devices. With explicit web testing support on the horizon, Repeato is poised to become an indispensable tool for your test automation needs.

Like this article? there’s more where that came from!