Effective Strategies for Building and Structuring Automated Tests

Effective Strategies for Building and Structuring Automated Tests

3 July 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment QA

Building and maintaining automated tests can be a challenging task, especially as your product evolves. It’s crucial to structure your tests in a way that minimizes maintenance efforts while ensuring accuracy and reliability. This guide provides practical strategies to help you achieve this goal.

1. Embrace the Page Object Pattern

The Page Object pattern is a widely recommended approach for managing web elements and interactions in your tests. It involves creating classes that represent web pages or components, encapsulating the interactions with those elements. This way, if the UI changes, you only need to update the Page Object, not all the individual tests.

For more details on the Page Object pattern, you can refer to our detailed guide on handling flaky tests.

2. Simplify and DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself)

Simplifying your test code and adhering to the DRY principle can significantly reduce maintenance. Ensure that your code is easy to understand and modify by others. Avoid redundancy by refactoring common actions and assertions into reusable methods.

  • Simplify code to make it readable and maintainable.
  • Refactor repetitive code into reusable methods.
  • Design robust and flexible locators to minimize breakage.
  • Keep tests independent and focused on a single aspect.

3. Decouple Test Data and Environment Configuration

Tests should not be tightly coupled with specific test data or environment configurations. Instead, create and manage test data dynamically or through configuration files. This ensures that your tests remain relevant even if the underlying data or environment changes.

Refer to our article on managing test data in Java projects for more insights.

4. Continuous Integration and Test Automation

Integrating your tests with a continuous integration (CI) system ensures that they are run frequently and automatically. This provides immediate feedback on the stability of your codebase and helps identify issues early.

  • Ensure developers run tests before committing code.
  • Use a CI server to run tests on each commit.
  • Identify and fix test failures promptly.

5. Use the Right Tools and Frameworks

Choosing the appropriate tools and frameworks is crucial for effective test automation. Tools like TestNG offer powerful features for managing test execution, dependencies, and configurations. Additionally, leveraging scripting languages can minimize boilerplate code and simplify test writing.

Explore our guide on selecting the right test case management tool for more information.


By following these strategies, you can create a robust and maintainable automated test suite that adapts to changes in your product. Effective test automation not only improves product quality but also saves time and resources in the long run.

For organizations looking to streamline their testing processes further, tools like Repeato offer a no-code solution for iOS and Android test automation. Repeato leverages computer vision and AI to create, run, and maintain automated tests quickly and efficiently. It’s an excellent choice for teams seeking a simple and fast way to ensure app quality.

Learn more about how Repeato can enhance your testing strategy by visiting our getting started guide.

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