Running Python on Android: A Comprehensive Guide

Running Python on Android: A Comprehensive Guide

22 May 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment Tech-Help

Python is a versatile and powerful programming language, and many developers seek to leverage its capabilities on the Android platform. While Android development is traditionally associated with Java and Kotlin, there are several ways to run Python on Android. This guide will provide an overview of the most effective methods, helping you choose the right one for your needs.

1. Kivy

Kivy is an open-source Python library designed for rapid development of applications with innovative user interfaces, such as multi-touch apps. Kivy supports multiple platforms, including Linux, Windows, OS X, Android, and iOS. This means you can write your code once and run it on all supported platforms.

Key Features of Kivy:

  • Cross-platform compatibility
  • Support for multi-touch applications
  • Runs on various operating systems, including Android and iOS

To get started with Kivy, you can refer to the advanced testing techniques section of our documentation.

2. SL4A (Scripting Layer for Android)

SL4A provides a port of Python and other scripting languages to Android. It offers a high-level API that allows these programs to interact with the Android device, making it easy to access sensor data, send SMS, render user interfaces, and more.

SL4A Features:

  • Supports multiple scripting languages, including Python
  • Provides an interface to the underlying Android API
  • Allows the creation of native dialogues and menus

Despite its capabilities, SL4A is no longer under active development, but it remains a viable option for many projects. For more information on handling exceptions and errors in your scripts, check out our test exception handling guide.

3. Termux

Termux is an Android terminal emulator and Linux environment app that works directly with no rooting or setup required. It provides a POSIX environment and allows you to install Python using the package manager.

Using Termux:

  • Install Termux from the Play Store or F-Droid
  • Open Termux and run apt install python to install Python 3
  • For Python 2, use apt install python2

Termux is a powerful tool for running Python scripts on Android. For developers interested in continuous integration, our continuous integration documentation can provide valuable insights.

4. Chaquopy

Chaquopy is a plugin for Android Studio’s Gradle-based build system that enables the integration of Python into Android apps. It allows developers to call Java from Python and vice versa, providing a seamless development experience.

Chaquopy Highlights:

  • Close integration with standard Android development tools
  • Support for PyPI packages
  • Access to all Android APIs from Python

Chaquopy is an excellent choice for developers looking to combine Python with Java in their Android projects. For more details on advanced configuration options, visit our advanced configuration page.

5. QPython

QPython is an on-device script engine that runs Python programs on Android devices. It includes a Python console, editor, and package management tools, making it easy to develop and run Python scripts directly on your Android device.

QPython Features:

  • Interactive interpreter and code editor
  • Package management with PIP
  • Support for both Python 2 and Python 3

QPython is a user-friendly option for running Python on Android. For developers working in a team environment, our guide on sharing tests within the team can be particularly useful.


Running Python on Android is feasible through various tools and libraries, each with its unique set of features and benefits. Depending on your project requirements, you can choose from Kivy, SL4A, Termux, Chaquopy, or QPython to bring the power of Python to your Android applications.

For mobile developers looking to streamline their testing processes, consider using Repeato. Repeato is a no-code test automation tool for iOS and Android, leveraging computer vision and AI to create, run, and maintain automated tests quickly and efficiently. With Repeato, developers can focus on crafting exceptional apps while delegating test automation tasks to non-technical colleagues or QA teams. Learn more about how Repeato can enhance your development workflow by visiting our documentation section.

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