Resolving the “Can’t Create Handler Inside Thread That Has Not Called Looper.prepare()” Exception in Android

Resolving the "Can't Create Handler Inside Thread That Has Not Called Looper.prepare()" Exception in Android

22 May 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment Tech-Help

Encountering the “Can’t create handler inside thread that has not called Looper.prepare()” exception can be frustrating for Android developers. This article will guide you through understanding the root cause of this exception and how to effectively resolve it.

Understanding the Exception

This exception typically occurs when attempting to perform UI operations, such as showing a Toast message, from a background thread. The Android framework requires that all UI-related operations be executed on the main (UI) thread.

Common Solutions

Below are some effective methods to resolve this issue:

Using runOnUiThread Method

If you have access to an Activity, you can use the runOnUiThread method to perform UI operations on the main thread:

activity.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
  public void run() {
    Toast.makeText(activity, "Hello", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

Using Handlers

Handlers can be used to send messages from a background thread to the main thread:

Handler handler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper()); Runnable() {
    public void run() {
        Toast.makeText(context, "Something happened.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

Using ContextCompat.getMainExecutor Method

For scenarios where you only have a Context, you can use ContextCompat.getMainExecutor to execute code on the main thread:

ContextCompat.getMainExecutor(context).execute(() -> {
    // This is where your UI code goes.

Advanced Solutions

Using RxAndroid

RxAndroid provides a more advanced and flexible way to handle threading. Here’s how you can use it:

    .subscribe(new Observer() {
        public void onCompleted() {
            // Print Toast on completion

        public void onError(Throwable e) {}

        public void onNext(PojoObject pojoObject) {
            // Show Progress

Using Kotlin Coroutines

Kotlin Coroutines offer a modern and concise solution for handling background tasks:

CoroutineScope(Dispatchers.Main).launch {
    Toast.makeText(context, "yourmessage", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()


By utilizing the methods mentioned above, you can ensure that your UI operations are performed on the main thread, thereby preventing the “Can’t create handler inside thread that has not called Looper.prepare()” exception.

Streamlining Test Automation with Repeato

Automating tests for your Android applications can be cumbersome, especially when dealing with threading issues and UI operations. This is where our product, Repeato, comes into play. Repeato is a no-code test automation tool for iOS and Android that leverages computer vision and AI to create, run, and maintain automated tests with ease. It allows developers to focus on building great products while enabling non-technical colleagues to manage test automation efficiently.

For more information on how Repeato can enhance your mobile development workflow, visit our documentation or contact us.

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