Resolving the “Android Gradle plugin requires Java 11 to run” Error in Android Studio

Resolving the "Android Gradle plugin requires Java 11 to run" Error in Android Studio

22 May 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment Tech-Help

If you’ve encountered the following error when trying to run an Android project in Android Studio, you’re not alone:

            > Failed to apply plugin ''.
            > Android Gradle plugin requires Java 11 to run. You are currently using Java 1.8.

This error typically arises when your project is configured to use an older version of Java (1.8) instead of the required Java 11. Here’s a comprehensive guide to resolving this issue.

Step-by-Step Solution

1. Verify Your Java Version

First, ensure that Java 11 is installed on your system. You can verify this by running:

java -version

If Java 11 is not installed, you will need to download and install it from the official Oracle JDK download page.

2. Update Gradle JDK in Android Studio

Once Java 11 is installed, you need to configure Android Studio to use it. Follow these steps:

  • Open Android Studio.
  • Navigate to Preferences (or Settings on Windows) → Build, Execution, DeploymentBuild ToolsGradle.
  • In the Gradle JDK section, select the Java 11 JDK from the dropdown list.

If you cannot find Java 11 in the dropdown, you might need to set the path manually. You can do this by adding the following line to your file:

On macOS, the path might look something like this:

3. Verify Gradle Configuration

After updating the JDK, verify your Gradle configuration by running:

./gradlew --version

The output should indicate that Gradle is using Java 11:

            Gradle 7.0

            Build time:   2021-04-01 21:26:39 UTC
            Revision:     912a3368b654b71250dfc925a20d620393

            Kotlin:       1.4.31
            Groovy:       3.0.7
            Ant:          Apache Ant(TM) version 1.10.9 compiled on September 27 2020
            JVM:          11.0.10 (Ubuntu 11.0.10+9-Ubuntu-0ubuntu1.20.10)
            OS:           Linux 5.11.4-051104-generic amd64

Additional Tips

If you are still encountering issues, ensure that your JAVA_HOME environment variable is set correctly. On macOS, you can add the following line to your ~/.zshrc or ~/.bash_profile file:

export JAVA_HOME="/Applications/Android"

Then, reload the terminal:

source ~/.zshrc

Verify the changes by running:



By following these steps, you should be able to resolve the “Android Gradle plugin requires Java 11 to run” error and continue with your development work.

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