Integrating Robotium with Android Studio for UI Testing

Integrating Robotium with Android Studio for UI Testing

11 April 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment Tech-Help

Are you trying to integrate Robotium into your Android Studio project for enhanced UI testing and facing difficulties? This guide will walk you through the steps to configure Robotium in your Android Studio environment, ensuring your UI tests run smoothly.

Understanding the Problem

It’s not uncommon to run into issues when setting up Robotium with Android Studio, particularly when dealing with the gradle-based system. The main challenge is to correctly configure the build.gradle file and ensure that the Robotium tests are recognized and executed by Android Studio.

Configuring build.gradle

Let’s start with the build.gradle configuration. Here is a simplified example that should guide you in setting up your own project:

buildscript {
    repositories {
    dependencies {
        classpath ''
apply plugin: 'android'

repositories {

dependencies {
    // Your regular dependencies
    compile ''
    // ...

    // Test dependencies. Only Robotium is needed here
    instrumentTestCompile ''

android {
    compileSdkVersion 17
    buildToolsVersion "18.0.1"

    defaultConfig {
        minSdkVersion 7
        targetSdkVersion 16

Writing a Robotium Test

Once you have configured your build.gradle file, you can proceed to write your Robotium test. Here is a basic example:

import android.test.ActivityInstrumentationTestCase2;
import com.example.activity.WelcomeScreen;

public class WelcomeScreenTest extends ActivityInstrumentationTestCase2<WelcomeScreen> {
    private Solo solo;

    public WelcomeScreenTest() {

    protected void setUp() throws Exception {

        solo = new Solo(getInstrumentation(), getActivity());

    public void testActivity() {
        // robotium assert
        solo.assertCurrentActivity("Welcome Screen", WelcomeScreen.class);
        // junit assert
        assertEquals(true, true);

Running the Tests

To execute the tests, you’ll need to use the command line, as Android Studio may not yet support running tests directly from the IDE. Here’s how to do it:

  • For instrumented tests, run ./gradlew connectedInstrumentTest
  • If you have a custom test task, you can run it with ./gradlew localTest

Make sure to clean your project with ./gradlew clean before running the tests to avoid potential issues.


By following the steps outlined above, you should be able to set up Robotium in your Android Studio project and write tests that will help ensure the quality and stability of your application’s user interface. Remember that UI testing is a critical component of the development process, and tools like Robotium can significantly aid in delivering a polished final product.

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