Converting Pixels to DP in Android Development

Converting Pixels to DP in Android Development

22 May 2024 Stephan Petzl Leave a comment Tech-Help

When developing Android applications, handling different screen sizes and densities can be challenging. One common task is converting pixel values to density-independent pixels (dp). This conversion ensures that your UI elements maintain consistent dimensions across various devices. This article will guide you through the process of converting pixels to dp.

Understanding the Concept

Density-independent pixels (dp) are units that allow you to create UI layouts that will scale properly across different screen densities. The conversion between pixels (px) and dp is essential for maintaining a consistent user experience.

Java and Kotlin Code Examples

Below are some code snippets in Java and Kotlin that demonstrate how to convert pixels to dp and vice versa:

Java Code

// Converts 14 dip into its equivalent px
float dip = 14f;
Resources r = getResources();
float px = TypedValue.applyDimension(

Kotlin Code

val dip = 14f
val r: Resources = resources
val px = TypedValue.applyDimension(

Kotlin Extension

fun Context.toPx(dp: Int): Float = TypedValue.applyDimension(

Using Utility Methods

If you prefer to use utility methods, here are some examples that you can include in a utility class:

Java Utility Methods

public static float convertDpToPixel(float dp, Context context){
    return dp * ((float) context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi / DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_DEFAULT);

public static float convertPixelsToDp(float px, Context context){
    return px / ((float) context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi / DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_DEFAULT);

Kotlin Utility Methods

fun convertDpToPixel(dp: Float, context: Context): Float {
    return dp * (context.resources.displayMetrics.densityDpi.toFloat() / DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_DEFAULT)

fun convertPixelsToDp(px: Float, context: Context): Float {
    return px / (context.resources.displayMetrics.densityDpi.toFloat() / DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_DEFAULT)

Practical Example

Imagine you have a design with specific pixel dimensions, and you need to convert these to dp for consistent display across devices. By using the methods provided, you can easily achieve this conversion.

Example Conversion

float pxValue = 100f;
float dpValue = convertPixelsToDp(pxValue, context);


Converting pixels to dp is crucial for creating responsive and adaptable Android applications. By using the code examples and utility methods provided, you can ensure that your application’s UI elements are consistent across different devices and screen densities.

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